According to Section 5.1, Paragraph two of the Railway Law, a railway undertaking shall, under equitable, non-discriminatory, and transparent conditions, be granted the right to access the public-use railway infrastructure for provision of rail passenger services. The railway undertaking has the right to pick up and set down passengers at any station or stopping place. That right shall include also access to the infrastructure connecting the service facilities referred to in Section 12.1, Paragraph two of this Law.
In accordance with Section 5.2, Paragraph one of the Railway Law, the aforementioned rights to access railway infrastructure for the provision of passenger services between a specific place of departure and a specific place of destination may be restricted if one or several State or local government contracts concluded for the public procurement of the provision of rail passenger services relate to the same route or an alternative route and if the exercise of such right would compromise the economic equilibrium of the relevant State or local government contract concluded for the public procurement of the provision of rail passenger services.
In accordance with the second paragraph of Article 5.2, in order to determine whether the economic equilibrium of the State or local government contract concluded for the public procurement of the provision of rail passenger services would be compromised, State Railway Administration shall perform an economic analysis and base its decision on the criteria established in accordance with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1795 of 20 November 2018 laying down procedure and criteria for the application of the economic equilibrium test pursuant to Article 11 of Directive 2012/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (Regulation (EU) 2018/1795).